What can cause stomach pain?

Belly pain is a term that is used in women due to possible problems at the level of the uterus, in the vagina or in the ovaries, but can also arise due to alterations in the intestines.

In the case of men, alterations as constipation, indigestion, or urinary tract infection can cause pain in the lower part of the abdomen, and may also occur in women. There are several reasons it is very important to make the correct diagnosis, so the treatment is effective and adapted to each situation.

Menstrual cramps

They are also known for dysmenorrhoea, menstrual cramps may cause intense pain in the belly and the lower part of the back and discomfort in women, and if they are very intense, it should consult a gynecologist, to identify whether there is any dysfunction of the reproductive organs.

How to treat

There are several ways to alleviate menstrual cramps as the use of contraceptives, or anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

In addition to this, you can resort to other techniques such as exercise that help to reduce colic, lying on their backs and bringing knees to chest, holding your legs with your hands; also can apply compresses of warm water in the womb; or even some kind of physical activity can be practiced.


Endometriosis is a disease that is characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, causing colic abdominal intense during menstruation, and can be increased gradually with the passage of time. However, the disease only discovered later, mainly when the woman does not get pregnant. Learn more about endometriosis.

How to treat

Women who want to have children can treat endometriosis through the use of oral contraceptives, hormone drugs as the Zoladex, for example, through the placement of an intrauterine device or surgery in which outbreaks are removed of endometriosis. In cases in which the woman does not want to have children, be a surgery in which the involved organs and endometrial tissue is removed.
3 cysts on the ovaries

Ovarian cyst consists of a bag of fluid that forms in or around the ovary being able or not to compromise the pregnancy. The ovarian cyst can cause pain in the pelvic region and during sexual intercourse, delay in menses, bleeding, dizziness, vomiting and excessive tiredness.

How to treat

Treatment may vary according to the type of cyst which the woman has, and can be resolved with just a change of birth control pills, or in more severe cases, the doctor can resort to surgery. Learn more about How to identify and treat the cysts on the ovaries.


One of the early pregnancy symptoms are abdominal cramps due to increased blood flow in the pelvic region, and female hormones coming into action to preserve the embryo and to continue with the pregnancy. This can cause pain of abdomen that can be recognized as cramping menstrual weak intensity to medium. Inflammation of the womb, due to such alterations in the pelvis that are occurring can also occur. In addition to this, around 7 weeks of gestation, the belly begins to harden by the growth of the uterus. Learn more about the early symptoms of pregnancy.

How to treat

When there is pain caused by pregnancy belly, it is recommended to ingest liquids, foods easy to digest, eat in small amounts and avoid eating foods high in fiber such as cereals, fruits with or raw vegetables. However, if the pain is very intense, the ideal is go to the doctor for evaluation.

Ectopic pregnancy

Although stomach pain is common during pregnancy, where it becomes very intense, it may be because of an ectopic pregnancy, which occurs when the embryo develops outside the uterus, and may cause a very pain only on one side abdominal swelling and bleeding from the vagina.

How to treat

The treatment depends on the location of the embryo, but can be treated with medications to cause abortion, or surgery may be performed to remove the embryo and rebuild the uterine Horn, for example.


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